Common Name: West African Rubber Tree. Funtumia elastica. Drawing of the leaves and flowers. Photograph by: Matilda Smith Public domain. Funtumia elastica (Preuss) Stapf [family APOCYNACEAE]. Common names. English West African rubber tree; Lagos silk rubber tree; bush rubber (Ghana. Description. Tree to 30 m tall; bole straight and cylindrical, crown narrow; bark brown to dark, thin, slightly fissured, becoming granular on old trees; Slash orange.

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Suppression of allergic reaction by lambda-carrageenan: These cells localize to mucosal surfaces, where they play roles in innate protection and maintenance of homeostasis [ 346 ]. In Africa some parts of the tree are also used medicinally: The manuscript will undergo copyediting, typesetting, and review of the resulting proof before it is published in its final citable form.

Twenty-four hours after infection, mice were euthanized and fecal pellets were collected. Yam-I was treated with two rounds of treatment with PMB beads, 2.

SchepetkinJeff HoldernessMark T. Professional antigen-presentation function by human gamma delta Eladtica Cells.

Open in a separate window. Toth GB, Pavia H. Immunomodulatory activity of acidic polysaccharides isolated from Tanacetum vulgare L.


Individual monosaccharide bands elastcia scraped from the plate, extracted with H 2 O and quantified using a colorimetric method with monosaccharide standards. We have recently focused on characterization of active components of common herbal products that have purported immune funtunia [ 12 ]. Support Center Support Center. Antigens in tea-beverage prime human Vgamma 2Vdelta 2 T cells in vitro and in vivo for memory and nonmemory antibacterial cytokine responses.

After 3 hours, neutrophil recruitment into the peritoneum was measured by flow cytometry.

Antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties of Funtumia elastica.

Views Read View source View history. Dittmer U, Olbrich AR.

Clearly, Yam-I functionally overlaps with LPS to some extent but the intestinal mucosa is constantly exposed to LPS from food, environment and normal flora. Thus, related polysaccharides of various sizes comprise the Yam-I fraction. A colorimetric method for the determination of sugars. See Terms of Use for details.

Antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties of Funtumia elastica.

Induction of gamma delta T-lymphocyte effector functions by bisphosphonate zoledronic acid in cancer patients in vivo. The wood is white and soft, not durable, used for carving household utensils like spoons and bowls; it burns well and is a good firewood. Navigation menu Personal tools Log in Request account.


Before the arrival of Hevea rubber, this was the most promising rubber tree in many tropical regions, primarily in West Africa. Recognition profile of Morus nigra agglutinin Morniga G elastca by monomeric ligands, simple clusters and mammalian polyvalent glycotopes.

The supernatant fluid was then filtered through a 0. Bradley Jones, University of Iowa for use in an enterocolitis model of ST infection involving pretreatment with streptomycin [ 33 ]. Enzymatic treatments suggested protein- and prenylated phosphate-containing compounds were not elxstica for the bioactivity, and nucleic acids could not be detected Supplemental Figure S1.

Slight differences were detected between the 3 sub-fractions. It was also apparent that treatment with Yam-I at many doses greatly reduced variability between animals; however, wide variation between PBS-treated animals precluded statistical significance within experiments. Differential production of interferon-gamma and interleukin-4 in response to Th1- and Th2-stimulating pathogens by gamma delta T cells in vivo. A strategy whose time has come.

The carboxyfluorescein succinimidyl ester CFSE assay for human cells has been recently described [ 1 ].